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    Ayodhya Ram Mandir Highlights

    May blessings of Bhagwan Shree Ram always be upon us, says PM Modi

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Wednesday the construction of Ram temple will not only add to Ayodhya’s grandeur but will also change the entire economy of the region after laying the foundation stone in accordance with the ‘muhurat’ or auspicious time.

    The ceremony was performed by priests chanting Sanskrit shlokas under a giant marquee decorated in shades of reds and yellows as Modi and other dignitaries, all in masks, maintained social distancing.

    Bhajans and shlokas’ were heard as the town, festooned with marigold flowers and yellow and saffron flags, celebrated the beginning of the construction of a grand Ram temple. Roads leading to Ayodhya were adorned with hoardings of the proposed temple and of Ram Lalla, the infant Ram, the deity now housed in a makeshift temple. Most shops were painted in bright yellow

    “Every heart is illuminated; it is an emotional moment for the entire country… A long wait ends today… A grand temple will now be built for our Ram Lalla who had been living under a tent for many years,” Prime Minister Modi said at foundation stone-laying ceremony of the Ram temple.

    Follow Ram temple foundation laying ceremony highlights here:9:49 PM IST Earthen lamps have been lit in the premises of Badrinath and Gopinath temples in Chamoli

    Uttarakhand: Earthen lamps have been lit in the premises of Badrinath and Gopinath temples in Chamoli on the occasion of ‘Bhoomi Pujan’ of Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.8:44 PM IST Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari performed Aarti of Shri Ram at Raj Bhavan

    Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari performed Aarti of Shri Ram at Raj Bhavan, Mumbai to celebrate the occasion of the Bhoomi Puja ceremony performed at the Ram Janambhoomi site in Ayodhya earlier today: Governor’s Office.8:18 pm IST May the blessings of Bhagwan Shree Ram always be upon us: PM Modi

    A blessed day in Ayodhya.

    This day will remain etched in the memory of every Indian.

    May the blessings of Bhagwan Shree Ram always be upon us. May India scale new heights of progress. May every Indian be healthy and prosperous.8:10 PM IST Ram temple digital billboard comes up in New York’s Times Square

    USA: Ram temple digital billboard comes up in New York’s Times Square.8:06 PM IST People light earthen lamps at Ram Ki Paudi on the occasion of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’

    Ayodhya: People light earthen lamps at Ram Ki Paudi on the occasion of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram temple.7:50 pm IST Ayodhya district lit up on occasion of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram temple

    Ayodhya district lit up on the occasion of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram temple.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Ram temple, earlier today.7:36 PM IST RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat performs ‘Aarti’ at the banks of Saryu river

    Ayodhya: RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat performs ‘Aarti’ at the banks of Saryu river.6:18 PM IST Connected through Ram-Sita, relationship between the two countries is deep and strong: Nepal envoy to India

    Indian PM Modi laid Ram Temple’s foundation stone in Ayodhya. Connected through Ram-Sita, relationship between the two countries is deep and strong. Ram-Janaki continues to inspire the relationship to become more cooperative and strong in modern times: N Acharya, Nepal envoy to India6:08 PM IST Heeraben, mother of PM Modi watched the live telecast of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram temple earlier today

    Gujarat: Heeraben, mother of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, watched the live telecast of ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram temple earlier today, at her residence in Gandhinagar.5:47 PM IST Yogi Adityanath presented an idol of Lord Ram to PM Modi

    Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath presented an idol of Lord Ram to Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the foundation stone laying ceremony of Ram templein Ayodhya, earlier today.5:04 PM IST Lord Ram is loved by all and he is above any political consideration: Anand Sharma

    Ram temple has been the demand of people from past many years. Congress welcomed the decision of Supreme Court with an open heart. Lord Ram is loved by all and he is above any political consideration. Politics and faith must be kept apart: Congress leader Anand Sharma4:40 PM IST Rajasthan Governor congratulates people on Ram temple bhoomi pujan

    Rajasthan Governor Kalraj Mishra on Wednesday congratulated the people on the foundation laying of Ram temple in Ayodhya while Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot expressed hope that it would become a symbol of unity in the country.4:18 PM IST It is a historic day, says Ravi Shankar Prasad

    It is a historic day. The construction of Ram Temple has started in Ayodhya today after sacrifices, wait and patience of generations. Indians and many people from across the world were waiting for this day for centuries: Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad.3:31 PM IST Nitin Gadkari recited Ram Raksha and worshipped Lord Ram with his family

    Maharashtra: Union Minister Nitin Gadkari recited Ram Raksha and worshipped Lord Ram with his family at Nagpur during the foundation stone laying ceremony of Ram temple in Ayodhya3:13 PM IST We are proud of PM Modi who has fulfilled this dream: Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal

    It’s a very important day for us. People were waiting from many years for a Ram temple on Ram Janmabhoomi. Today that dream has come true. We are proud of PM Modi who has fulfilled this dream. This temple will strengthen peace and humanity in country: Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal2:45 pm IST Emotional moment for entire country: PM Modi

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the ram temple ‘bhoomi pujan’ event was as emotional moment for the entire country as a long wait has ended today.2:38 pm IST Yediyurappa greets people on bhoomi pujan

    Karnataka Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa and his cabinet colleagues greeted people for the ground breaking ceremony for the construction of Ram Temple in Ayodhya.2:32pm IST ‘A golden chapter in history of Indian culture’: Amit Shah

    Union home minister Amit Shah took to Twitter to laud the foundation laying ceremony on Ram temple in Ayodhya.

    “Today is a historic and proud day for India.

    Prime Minister on the birthplace of Lord Shri Ram

    @NarendraModi

    Bhumi worshiped and laid the foundation stone of the grand Ram temple, which has written a golden chapter in the history of great Indian culture and civilization and has started a new era,” he wrote on Twitter in Hindi.2:26 PM IST Whenever humanity followed Lord Ram, development took place: PM Modi

    Whenever humanity followed Lord Ram, development took place; we have to take care of everyone’s sentiments, said PM Modi2:05 pm IST PM Modi reiterates social distancing mantra

    The Prime Minister renewed his pitch for maintaining social distancing and wearing masks amid the Covid-19 pandemic.2:00 pm IST Ram temple construction in Ayodhya will lift region’s economy: PM Modi

    As the construction of Ram temple will begin in Ayodhya, the entire region’s economy will be lifted, the Prime Minister said in his speech at the foundation laying ceremony.1:55 pm IST No aspect of life where Ram does not inspire us: PM Modi

    PM Modi asserted that there is no aspect of life where Ram does not inspire us and that he is always present with us in some or the other form.

    “Ram is in everyone and he belongs to everyone,” he added.1:47 pm IST Ram temple will be modern symbol of our culture, eternal faith and national spirit: PM Modi

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the process of Ram temple’s construction is an attempt to connect the nation. It will be a modern symbol of our culture, eternal faith and national spirit, he added.1:43 pm IST ‘For years, Ram Lalla lived under makeshift arrangements’: PM Modi

    “For years, Ram Lalla lived under makeshift arrangements, work for a grand temple begins now,” PM Modi said in his address.

    “A grand temple will now be built for our Ram Lalla . Today, Ram janmbhoomi has broken free from the cycle of being demolished and built again which had been going on for centuries,” he said.1:40 pm IST Entire world is witnessing history being made: PM Modi

    In his address at the grand ceremony, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the entire world is witnessing history being made with the foundation of Ram temple and called for chants of Jai Shri Ram.

    “History is also is being repeated. The way boatmen to tribals helped Lord Ram, the way children helped Lord Krishna lift Govardhan mountain, similarly, with everyone’s efforts of temple construction will be completed,” he said.1:37 pm IST ‘Siyaram Ramchandra ki jai’: PM Modi opens his address at Ayodhya

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi opened his address at Ayodhya with chants of “Siyaram Ramchandra ki jai”. He congratulated devotees of Ram and said that he was honoured to be invited to Ayodhya.1:33 pm IST ‘Temple will be constructed soon, wishes of devotees will be fulfilled’: Nitya Gopal Das

    President of Ram Mandir Trust Nitya Gopal Das addressed the foundation laying ceremony in Ayodhya.

    “I have been asked many times when will Ram temple be constructed. Now, it will be constructed soon. The wishes of devotees will be fulfilled,” he said.1:25 am IST A new beginning of a new India: RSS chief

    RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat said that India believes in ‘Vasudeva Kutumbakam’ i.e world is our guest and that Indians believe in taking everyone along.

    “Today is a new beginning of a new India,: he added.1:20 pm IST ‘Advani ji must be watching’: Mohan Bhagwat

    “Advani ji must be at his home watching this’, said RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat at the Ram temple ceremony in Ayodhya.

    There are some people who should’ve come but couldn’t be invited because of the Covid-19 situation, he said.1:13 pm IST ‘Some could not be here due to Covid-19’: CM Yogi Adityanath

    “Some people could not be here due to Covid-19 pandemic. They will be called for future events in Ayodhya’, said Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath during the foundation laying ceremony of Ram temple.1:15 pm IST West Bengal CM calls for unity in diversity

    On the day the Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of Ram temple in Ayodhya, West Bengal chief minister appealed for unity in diversity.

    “Countrymen should preserve the age-old legacy till their last breath,” she tweeted. .1:10 pm IST 500 years-long struggle for Ram temple in Ayodhya: Yogi Adityanath

    While addressing the foundation laying ceremony of Ram temple in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath said people struggled for 500 years for the temple and hailed Prime Minister Narendra Modi for fulfilment of dream to build temple in Ayodhya.1:04 pm IST ‘Symbol of modern India based on the ideals of Ramrajya’: President Kovind

    “Congratulations to all on the inauguration of the construction of Ram-Mandir! The temple of Maryada Purushottam Prabhu Ram is being constructed in accordance with the process of justice and with the enthusiasm of the public and with the support of social harmony. The temple complex, I believe, will become a symbol of modern India based on the ideals of Ramrajya,” President Kovind said in a tweet.1:00 pm IST PM lays foundation for Ram temple in Ayodhya

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation of the grand Ram temple in Ayodhya.12:50 pm IST Ram temple bhoomi poojan concludes

    The rituals of bhoomi poojan concluded at the Ram temple site. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and UP chief minister Yogi Adityanath participated in the rituals.12:40 pm IST Bricks sent by devotees in 1989 at Ram temple site: Priest

    During the bhoomi poojan rituals, one of the priests told the people about nine bricks at the spot that were sent by devotees of Lord Ram from around the world in 1989.

    “There are 2 lakh 75 thousand such bricks out of which 100 bricks with ‘Jai Shri Ram’ engraving have been taken,” the priest was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.12:20 pm IST PM Modi performs arti of Ram Lalla

    At Ram Janmabhoomi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi offered dandavat pranam at pre-fabricated makeshift Ram Mandir and performed arti of Ram Lalla.  

    He then planted a sapling of Parijat tree and reached bhumi pujan venue, sanctum- sanctorum of the proposed Ram Mandir.  12:14 pm IST PM Modi takes part in Bhoomi Pujan ceremony

    PM Modi offers prayers at the Bhoomi Pujan ceremony.11:43 am IST PM Modi on en route to Hanumangarhi

    PM Modi on his way to Hanumangarhi.11: 38 am IST PM willpower makes him tallest leader of India in last 500 years: Shivraj Singh Chouhan

    Madhya Pradesh chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on Wednesday hailed Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the tallest leader of India in the last 5 years because of his “willpower and resolve.”11:34 am IST PM Modi arrives in Ayodhya

    PM Narendra Modi has arrived in Ayodhya for the grand foundation laying ceremony of Ram temple. He will first visit the Hanuman Garhi temple and then head to Ram Janmabhoomi site.11:30 am IST Token of justice after 400 years of struggle: VHP America

    “We’re celebrating ‘Bhoomi Poojan’ of Ram Mandir. After a struggle of over 400 years and several sacrifices, we finally have a token of justice. We thank PM,” Mahendra Sapa, president (Washington DC chapter), Vishwa Hindu Parishad of America, organiser of celebration in Washington DC was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.11:20 am IST PM Modi’s first stop at Hanuman Garhi temple

    PM Modi will first visit the 10th century Hanuman Garhi temple on arrival in Ayodhya. Premises of the temple were sanitised earlier today.

    The Prime Minister will then proceed to Ram Janmabhoomi site to offer prayers to Ram Lalla lay the foundation stone for Ram temple.11:10 am IST ‘A signature event’: Swami Chidananda Saraswati

    “This is a signature event. This event will give a glimpse of India’s ‘unity in diversity’. It will bridge gaps and bring people together. We all are one-’Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’”, Swami Chidananda Saraswati was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.11:00 am IST UP CM, Anandiben Patel, Uma Bharti arrive at Ram Janambhoomi site

    Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath, governor Anandiben Patel and BJP national vice president Uma Bharti have arrived at the Ram Janambhoomi site in Ayodhya on the occasion of ‘bhoomi pujan’ of the Ram temple.10:45 am IST PM Modi lands in Lucknow

    PM Narendra Modi Modi landed has landed in Lucknow. He will now head to Ayodhya to lay the foundation of the Ram temple with a sliver brick.10:40 am IST Ayodhya has united everyone: Uma Bharti

    “Ayodhya has united everyone. Now the people of the country keep hold their head high in pride and say that there’s no discrimination,” BJP leader Uma Bharti, who is present at the Ram Janambhoomi site, was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.10:30 am IST A look inside the venue of Ram temple foundation laying ceremony 10:25 am IST ‘August 5 is historical day’, says Ramdev

    “This day (August 5) is historical and generations will remember the day with great pride,” yoga guru Ramdev who will be attending the Ram temple foundation laying ceremony today, was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.

    Ramdev paid a visit to the Hanuman Garhi temple in the morning and said that “a new history is being written in India and we should celebrate the day. I am confident that with the construction of Ram Temple, ‘Ram Rajya’ will be established in the country,” according to ANI.10:20 am IST Pragya Singh Thakur says ‘heart filled with joy’

    In a tweet in Hindi, BJP MP Pragya Thakur said that she was very happy and her heart was filled with joy as she chanted Jai Shri Ram.10:10 am IST Yogi Adiyanath greets Lord Ram devotees 10:05 am IST Mayawati lauds Supreme Court verdict on Ayodhya

    BSP chief Mayawati lauded the Supreme Court for the Ayodhya verdict in September last year. She credited the apex court for paving the way for today’s foundation laying ceremony.

    “Supreme Court ended the dispute. Along with it, it also put a stop on the parties which were doing politics on this issue. It is due to the honourable court’s verdict that the foundation of the Ram temple is being laid down today, a lot of credit for this goes to the court,” Mayawati’s tweet, roughly translated to English from Hindi, read.9:55 am IST At Hanumangarhi temple in Ayodhya, PM to be gifted headgear, silver crown

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be gifted a headgear, a silver crown and a stole with the name of Lord Ram printed on it, said Sri Gaddinsheen Premdas Ji Maharaj, head priest of Hanumangarhi temple said on Wednesday, according to news agency ANI.9:45 am IST Security heightened ahead of PM Modi’s visit

    Security in the Ayodhya city has been heightened as Prime Minister Narendra Modi is set to visit shortly for the foundation laying ceremony of the much awaited Ram temple.

    RAF commandos took their position ahead PM Modi’s participation in the bhoomi poojan of the temple on Wednesday.9:35 am IST PM Modi leaves for Ayodhya

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has left for Ayodhya where he will lay the foundation stone of the Ram temple.9:25 am IST Locals rejoice at Saryu River bank

    Local celebrate at the bank of river Saryu on the day of bhoomi poojan of Ram Temple in Ayodhya. ( Deepak Gupta/HT Photo )9:20 am IST Indian community in US gathers to celebrate Ram temple ceremony

    Members of the Indian community gathered outside the Capitol Hill in Washington DC to celebrate the foundation laying ceremony of Ram temple in Ayodhya on Wednesday.

    Members of the Indian community gathered outside the Capitol Hill in Washington DC ( ANI Photo )9:15 am IST Sadhus worship at Ram ki Pedi

    Sadhus were seen worshipping at Ram ki Pedi on the day of bhoomi poojan of Ram Temple in Ayodhya on early on Wednesday.

    Sadhus worshipping at Ram ki Pedi. ( Deepak Gupta/HT Photo )9:00 am IST Who will attend Ayodhya Ram temple’s bhoomi pujan

    Apart from Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Ram temple trust has confirmed that 135 of the 175 guests will be seers from different spiritual traditions.

    The Prime Minister, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath and Governor Anandiben Patel are the main guests during the bhoomi pujan.8:50 am IST Ahead of Ram temple event, Ravi Shankar Prasad shares sketch from Constitution

    “Original document of the Constitution of India has a beautiful sketch of Lord Ram, Mata Sita and Laxman returning to Ayodhya after defeating Ravan.

    This is available at the beginning of the chapter related to Fundamental Rights.

    Felt like sharing this with you all.

    #JaiShriRam,” Union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad tweeted.8:45 am IST Ram temple will be unique example of Indian architecture: Temple trust

    The Ram temple to be built in Uttar Pradesh’s Ayodhya will a unique example of Indian architecture, the Shri Ram Janmbhoomi Teerth Kshetra said in a tweet on Wednesday.8:40 am IST Ayodhya lit with diyas ahead of mega event

    The entire city of Ayodhya was lit with earthen lamps on Wednesday ahead of the mega event where the Prime Minister lay the foundation stone of the Ram temple.

    According to news agency ANI, people also lit diyas on the banks of Saryu river as part of the ‘deepotsava’ celebrations.8:30 am IST Ram temple is for everyone: Yogi Adityanath

    Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath, who is personally monitoring the arrangements for the Ram temple bhoomi pujan, said the ceremony is a “dream come true.”

    “I am overjoyed, our five-century-long struggle and wait is going to end –all because of the perseverance and reverence of the devotees,” he added.8:15 am IST PM Modi to lay foundation stone of Ram temple

    At 12:40pm, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of the Ram temple in Ayodhya. The city is all decked up for the groundbreaking ceremony. A total of 175 guests have been invited for the mega event

    Categories
    Gk questions and answers , Quiz

    Raksha Bandhan 2020: Kheer recipes from across India

    The festival of Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi will be celebrated on August 3 this year. The festival has many cultural and historical aspects of it. Raksha Bandhan is an auspicious occasion and many dishes are prepared as part of the celebrations, Kheer being one of them. To make your Raksha Bandhan even more exciting this year here is a look at Kheer recipes from various states.1. Payasam (South India)It is made using milk, rice, ghee, and sugar, but is less thick than original Kheer. Many people also add a little bit of heavy cream for a richer taste. It is often garnished using almonds, cashews, raisins and pistachios. It is made on various festivals and celebratory occasions like Onam.Recipe:Wash and soak 50 gm. of rice for 1/2 an hour. Cook the rice in 1 litre milk until soft. Add 5 gm. cardamom powder, 100 gm. sugar and stir until the sugar is dissolved. Heat 50 ml. ghee in a pan and add 50 gm. cashew nuts. When the cashew nuts are slightly golden, add 25 gm. raisins and sauté for a minute. Pour on the rice mixture and serve warm. 2. Gil-e-Firdaus (Hyderabad)It is a delicious, thick dessert which is part of the traditional cuisine of Hyderabad. Milk and bottle gourd are the main ingredients in this special dish. Gil-e-Firdaus was first concocted for the royalty during the Nawabi era.
    Recipe:Combine a few saffron strands with warm milk and keep aside. Soak 1/2 cup of basmati rice in water, drain, allow them to dry on muslin cloth for 30 mins, and coarsely grind on a mortar-pestle. In a pan, add some ghee and sauté 3/4 cup grated bottle gourd for 2 mins. Add 1 cup water, mix well and cook until they become soft. Keep aside. In a deep pan, add 2.5 cup milk, 1/4 cup soaked sabudana, crushed rice and cook for 10 mins. Add the bottle gourd and cook for 5 mins. Now add saffron-milk mixture, 3 tbsp. cashewnut paste, 1/4 tsp. cardamom powder, vanilla essence (optional) and stir for 2 mins. Switch off the flame, add 1 tsp. rose water and mix well. Refrigerate for 30 mins. and serve chilled garnished with roasted almond slivers.

    Also Read : Raksha Bandhan 2020 Date: History, Significance And How The Day is Celebrated in India

    1. Phirni (Kashmir and Hyderabad)It is made from ground rice and is traditionally served in small earthen bowls known as ‘Shikoras’. Phirni is always eaten chilled. It is believed to have originated in ancient Persia or Middle East and was introduced to India by the Mughals.

    Recipe:Firstly, soak 2 tbsp. of basmati rice for 30 minutes. Discard the water, blend rice to coarse paste and keep aside. Heat 250 ml. milk during a pan till it involves a boil, then simmer. Add the rice paste while stirring continuously. Add 1.5 tbsp. sugar and continue stirring till it begins to thicken. Mix in the chopped dry fruits (2 tbsp. each of almonds and pistachios), 2 tbsp. saffron milk and 2 tsp. rose water. Pour the mixture into serving bowls. Garnish with some chopped dry fruits and crushed cardamom. Refrigerate for 2-3 hours. Serve chilled.

    1. Doodhpak (Gujarat)Doodhpak is a traditional dessert prepared in Parsi and Gujarati cuisine. It is not very different from the traditional Kheer and is enjoyed best with poori. Doodhpak is an easy to make sweet dish that can be prepared for your family and friends on festivals.

    Recipe:Wash 2 tbsp. basmati rice and drain well. Add 1 tbsp. ghee, mix well and keep aside. Boil 5 cups of milk in a deep pan and keep stirring for 5 mins. Add rice-ghee mixture, and keep on stirring for 15 mins. Add 1/2 cup sugar, 2 tbsp. saffron-milk mixture, 1/2 tsp. cardamom powder and cook for 5-7 mins. Cool slightly, refrigerate and serve it garnished with almond and pistachio slivers.

    1. Payesh (West Bengal)It is the Bengali version of Kheer. It is prepared with rice and flavored with cardamom, dry fruits and a sprinkle of rose water. It is a delicious dessert and is made mainly during the festive season of Durga Puja or Diwali.Recipe:Wash and wipe 1/2 cup rice, dry it, and leave aside. Heat 2 litre milk in a large pan. Simmer till it is reduced to 3 quarters of its original volume. Add a tbsp. of ghee to the washed rice and blend it. Add the rice to the milk. Put in 4 tbsp. sugar when the rice is slightly tender. Continue cooking until milk is reduced to half its volume thick. Now add some raisins, almonds, chopped cashew nuts, and cardamom powder. Remove from heat and add 2 tsp. rose water. Refrigerate and serve.
    2. Makhana Kheer (Bihar)Made with Fox Nuts or Makhana, Makhana Kheer is usually made and served during Navratri or Ekadashi or on fasting days. It is delicious in taste and is also healthy.

    Recipe:Roast 1 cup makhana and some cashew nuts on a pan with little ghee and season with rock salt. When it cools down, take 3/4th of the mixture and grind it in a blender with 2 cardamom. In a deep pan, boil 3 cups of milk. Add sugar (as per taste), ground makhana mixture, and stir well. Add the remaining roasted makhana and 1/4 cup cashew. Continue stirring until it thickens. Serve either hot or cold, garnished with chopped dry fruits.

    1. Vermicelli Kheer/Seviyan/Sewai (all over India)It is a quintessential festival recipe and is made in every household on the occasion of Eid. It is a favourite of many people and can be made quickly with just a few ingredients.
      Recipe:In a pan, fry 2 tbsp. butter and 100 gm. vermicelli together. Add some cashew nuts, almonds and raisins into it. Mix and fry them together. In a different pan, boil 600 ml. milk, 3 tbsp. sugar and some green cardamom powder. Add the fried vermicelli mix into the milk pan. Combine ingredients together and add a pinch of saffron. Towards the end, add a little extra milk to loosen the dish. Serve hot
    Categories
    Gk questions and answers , Quiz

    GK QUIZ

    1. Where did British first open their factories in Eastern part of India?

    Answer – Orissa

    2. The swaraj party was formed by

    Answer- Dr. C.R. Das

    3. Who established the Mughal Dynasty?

    Answer- Babur

    4. . The clouds float in the atmosphere because of their low:

    Answer- Density

    5. The Mangroove forests of the Gangetic delta (West Bengal) are called

    Answer- Sunderbans

    1. What is the literacy rate of West Bengal?

    Answer- 69.22 per cent

    1. Which countries from the membership of CACM (Central American Common Market)?

    Answer- Costa Rica, EI Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua

    1. Which is the oldest paramilitary force in the country?

    Answer- Assam Rifles

    1. Which of the subsequent agencies associated with the United Nations cares with promoting the expansion of international trade and equilibrium within the balance of payments?

    Answer- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development Organisation

    1. What is the circumference of the table tennis ball?

    Answer- 3.71-3.82 cm

    1. Which company manufacturers low and high power communication system like radius for the utilization of defence services and paramilitary organisations?

    Answer- Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)

    1. When was Mahatma Gandhi assassinated?

    Answer- 1948

    1. Which of the following are the members of CARICOM?

    Answer- All of the above

    1. What is the capital of Jharkhand?

    Answer- Ranchi

    1. Where is the Judicature of Orissa?

    Answer- Cuttack

    1. Which is India’s largest and the oldest museum?

    Answer- Indian Museum, Kolkata

    1. When was the International Monetary Fund established?

    Answer- 1945

    1. When did Hitler become President of Germany?

    Answer- 1934

    1. Which of the following are the members of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)?

    Answer- Bhutan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka

    1. When was pottery developed in the Indus Valley?

    Answer- 3500 BC

    1. Which company carries the development of submarines, missile-boats and destroyers then on for the India navy and offshore supply vessels and well-head platforms then on?

    Answer- Mazgaon Dock Limited (MDL)

    1. What is the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)?

    Answer- Group of 12 former republics of dissolved USSR

    1. Where is the permanent secretariat of the SAARC?

    Answer- Kathmandu

    1. Which Academy promotes and develops literature in all the 22 languages of India?

    Answer- Sahitya Academy

    1. Which is the major mineral found in Punjab?

    Answer- Salt

    1. What is the literacy rate of Mizoram?

    Answer- 88.49 per cent

    1. When was Shakespeare born?

    Answer- 1564 AD

    1. Which city in Tamil Nadu has an airport?

    Answer- All of the above

    1. Which minerals are found in Chhattisgarh?

    Answer- All of the above

    1. Which is a post-harvest folk dance in Assam?

    Answer- Bihu

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    Opinion Politics Reviews

    Importance of Rafale in India

    First batch of Rafales set to arrive in India: Here’s what it means for the Indian Air Force

    a large passenger jet flying through a clear blue sky: First batch of Rafales set to arrive in India: Here's what it means for the Indian Air Force

    The first batch of the Indian Air Force (IAF)’s Dassault Rafale fighter jets is set to arrive in India on July 29, two days after taking off from France. On July 27, five of the twin-engine fighters left Dassault Aviation’s production facility in Merignac, France.

    The modern fighter jets are being flown-in by IAF pilots in a 7,000-kilometre journey that comprises two legs. The aircraft were provided air-to-air refuelling by the French Air Force’s tankers during the first leg.

    The convoy took a day’s halt at the Al Dhafra airbase, which is partly operated by the French Air Force, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

    All five aircraft will be flown to their new home – Ambala airbase in Haryana.  Resurrected in 2019, the No. 17 Squadron — or the ‘Golden Arrows’ stationed at Ambala — will fly these Rafales first. No. 101, the second squadron to be equipped with Rafales, will be stationed at the Hasimara Air Force Station in northern West Bengal.

    India has ordered 36 of these fighter jets, in a deal embroiled in controversy. About 12 aircraft are supposed to be delivered every year.

    This will be the first induction of a new type of foreign-origin fighter jets by IAF since a batch of the Sukhois were delivered in the late 1990s.

    Ready for deployment

    Amid the ongoing border dispute between India and China, it has become imperative for the IAF to be able to deploy the new Rafales as soon as possible. According to news reports, all of these five aircraft will be operationally deployed within a week.

    Some of the missiles that Rafales will be equipped with have already arrived at the Ambala airbase. These include the Meteor air-to-air missile. The jets will also be equipped with the 1,300-kilogram SCALP missiles. SCALPs have a range of around 300 kilometres.

    Reports suggest that 12 IAF pilots have been fully trained on the new fighter jets and many others are currently completing their training in France.

    Rafale aircrafts maneuvered by the world’s best pilots, soar into the sky. Emblematic of new heights in India-France defence collaboration #ResurgentIndia #NewIndia@IAF_MCC @MeaIndia @rajnathsingh @Dassault_OnAir @DefenceMinIndia @PMOIndia@JawedAshraf5 @DDNewslive @ANI pic.twitter.com/FrEQYROWSv

    — India in France (@Indian_Embassy) July 27, 2020

    What Rafales mean for the IAF

    Rafale is a multi-role combat aircraft. This means it can be deployed in various scenarios such as carrying out combat missions to achieve air superiority, close air support, in-depth strikes, reconnaissance, anti-ship strikes and nuclear deterrence.

    They will not have to fly beyond the Indian airspace to hit targets that are even 600 kilometres inside enemy territory. To put that into perspective, a Rafale can hit targets deep inside Pakistani territory while still flying over Ambala. The target could be as deep as Islamabad — about 500 kilometres from Ambala as the crow flies.

    Amid the stand-off in eastern Ladakh, the IAF has also reportedly sought emergency procurement of the HAMMER air-to-ground missile which has a range of about 60 kilometres.

    The air force could eventually integrate more missiles with the Rafales, which is often categorised as a 4.5 generation aircraft for its radar-evading stealth profile.

    In Pictures: IAF’s Rafales | Fighter jets to touch-down in India soon; here’s all you need to know

    Defence analysts suggest that these Rafales would help IAF challenge the Pakistani F-16s and some of the new Chinese aircraft.

    In February, former Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa had said that the outcome would have been different had Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman been flying a Rafale instead of a MiG 21 Bison during the India-Pakistan stand-off in the aftermath of the Balakot strike in 2019. Dhanoa was responding to a question about controversies slowing down defence acquisitions.

    The procurement also helps IAF move toward its target of having 42 active squadrons.

    Categories
    Gk questions and answers , Quiz

    100 general knowledge pub quiz questions

    Pub quizzes have been an easy way for everyone to stay entertained and connected with far away friends during the pandemic.

    So we’ve compiled 100 general knowledge pub quiz questions for you to try out covering everything from the human body to birds of prey and everything in between.

    You’ll find the answers at the bottom so you can check how many you got right.100 general knowledge quiz questions

    1. How many teeth does an adult human have?

    2. What is the largest bird of prey in the world?

    3. In which sport would you use a shuttlecock?

    4. Who is fifth in line to the British throne?

    5. What is the biggest state in America?

    6. Who wrote Snow White And The Seven Dwarves?

    7. What is the capital of Hawaii?

    8. Enchiladas originated in which country?

    9. In Dirty Dancing, what is Baby’s first name?

    10. How many eggs does the average chicken lay per year?

    11. In which English seaside town was ‘Fawlty Towers’ set?

    12. What is a group of lions called?

    13. Where would you find the River Thames?

    14. What animal alive today is even bigger than a dinosaur?

    15. What alcohol do you traditionally use to flame a Christmas pudding?

    16. What is a baby kangaroo called?

    17. What is the name of the fictional town where the series Stranger Things is set?

    18. What year did Rihanna achieve global success with the mega-hit ‘Umbrella’?

    19. Name the slowest animal in the world.

    20. Is the sun a star or a planet?

    21. What are the names of Harry Potter’s parents?

    22. What is the capital city of Spain?

    23. Who plays Tommy Shelby in Peaky Blinders?

    24. How many legs does a lobster have?

    25.  How many Michelin stars does Restaurant Gordon Ramsay in London currently hold?

    26. What’s the best selling book of all time?

    27. In which English county is the town of Stevenage?Read More Related Articles

    28. Botany is the study of what?

    29. To the tip – how tall is the Eiffel Tower?

    30. Sofia is the capital of which country?

    31. What is the name of James Corden’s character in Gavin & Stacey?

    32. Who famously said “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.”

    33. Which is the only venomous snake native to the UK?

    34. Arctic Monkeys took the indie scene by storm in 2005 with the now classic ‘I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor’ – but what’s the first line of the song?

    35. What planet is known as the red planet?

    36. What is the name of the Greek dip consisting of yoghurt and cucumber?

    37. Catalonia is a region of what country?

    38. Who wrote Oliver Twist?

    39. What colour is a giraffe’s tongue?(Image: Jonathan Myers)

    40. What do you call a group of jellyfish?

    41. What was the name of Tom Cruise’s character in Top Gun?

    42. In ‘The Jungle Book’, what kind of animal is Baloo?

    43. What is the proper term for your funny bone?

    44. Which animal name means river horse?

    45. In which English county would you find Slough?

    46. In the film “The Lion King”, what kind of animal is Timon?

    47. Earth is located in which galaxy?

    48. What is David Schwimmer’s character in Friends called?

    49. What name is given to an adult female sheep?

    50. Which bird can fly backwards?

    51. What is the capital of Chile?

    52. Who was the first female Prime Minister of Australia?

    53. Which English city was once known as Duroliponte?

    54. Who won the FIFA Women’s World Cup in 2019?

    55. Who was the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated?

    56. Which country is the origin of the cocktail Mojito?

    57. In what Netflix series does actress Gillian Anderson play a sex therapist?

    58. One Direction is known for being the runners-up in The X Factor in 2010, but who came first?

    59. Which year was the Premier League founded?

    60. Which singer was known amongst other things as ‘The King of Pop’?

    61. True or false – The Channel Tunnel is the longest rail tunnel in the world

    62. Alberta is a province of which country?

    63. Who was Henry VIIIs last wife?

    64. How many world titles has Phil Talyor won in darts?

    65. Who is Donald Trump’s vice president?(Image: Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

    66. What does IPA stand for?

    67. Who does the voiceover on Love Island?

    68. Who is the only musician ever to have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature?

    69. Who scored the first Premier League hat-trick?

    70. Tom Cruise is an outspoken member of which religion?

    71. What is the longest river in the world?

    72. In which year was Joan of Arc burned at the stake?

    73. In tennis, what piece of fruit is found at the top of the men’s Wimbledon trophy?

    74. What is the middle name of Angela Merkel?

    75. What is Japanese sake made from?

    76. Who wrote Dracula?

    77. Where are the 2028 Olympics going to be held?

    78. Who won Dancing on Ice 2020?

    79. Who was Prime Minister on VE Day, in 1945?

    80. Which country was the first to give women the right to vote, in 1893?

    81. How many people have walked on the moon?

    82. What is the longest running soap opera in the UK?

    83. Who is the Queen’s youngest child?

    84. What is the name of Boris Johnson’s newborn son?

    85. What is the most spoken language in the world?

    86. What is the capital of Switzerland?

    87. What is the name of the headteacher in Roald Dahl’s Matilda?

    88. Charles Dickens wrote A Tale of Two Cities. What are the two cities?

    89. The Stadium of Light is home to which English football club?

    90. What is Lady Gaga’s real name?

    91. In what year was the Chernobyl disaster?

    92. The Troubles in Northern Ireland were brought to an end in 1998 with the signing of what document?

    93. Who discovered Penicillin?

    94. What is the collective noun for a group of giraffes?

    95. What year did Elizabeth II become Queen?

    96. Where was Prince Philip born?

    97. How old do you have to be to stand for US president?

    98. What is Keir Starmer’s constituency?

    99. How many times has Katie Price been married?

    100. How many sitting US presidents have been assassinated?100 general knowledge quiz answers

    1. 32

    2. Andean Condor

    3. Badminton

    4. Prince Louis

    5. Alaska

    6. The Brothers Grimm

    7. Honolulu

    8. Mexico

    9. Frances

    10. 260

    11. Torquay

    12. A pride

    13. London

    14. Blue Whale

    15. Brandy (or rum)

    16. A joey

    17. Hawkins

    18. 2007

    19. Three-toed sloth

    20. A star

    21. Lily and James Potter

    22. Madrid

    23. Cillian Murphy

    24. Eight

    25. Three

    26. The Bible

    27. Hertfordshire

    28. Plants

    29. 324 m

    30. Bulgaria

    31. Smithy

    32. Mahatma Gandhi

    33. Adder

    34. “Stop making the eyes at me I’ll stop making the eyes at you”

    35. Mars

    36. Tzatziki

    37. Spain

    38. Charles Dickens

    39. Blue

    40. A bloom

    41. Maverick

    42. Bear

    43. Humerus

    44. Hippopotamus

    45. Berkshire

    46. Meerkat

    47. The Milky Way galaxy

    48. Ross Geller

    49. Ewe

    50. Hummingbird

    51. Santiago

    52. Julia Gillard (2010-2013)

    53. Cambridge

    54. USA

    55. Spencer Perceval – May 1812

    56. Cuba

    57. Sex Education

    58. Matt Cardle

    59. 1992

    60. Michael Jackson

    61. False – The Gotthard Base Tunnel in Switzerland is 4 miles longer at 35.5 miles long

    62. Canada

    63. Catherine Parr

    64. 16

    65. Mike Pence

    66. India Pale Ale

    67. Iain Stirling

    68. Bob Dylan

    69. Eric Cantona

    70. Scientology

    71. River Nile

    72. 1431

    73. Pineapple

    74. Dorothea

    75. Rice

    76. Bram Stoker

    77. Los Angeles

    78. Joe Swash

    79. Winston Churchill

    80. New Zealand

    81. 12

    82. Coronation Street

    83. Prince Edward

    84. Wilfred Lawrie Nicholas Johnson

    85. Mandarin

    86. Bern

    87. Miss Trunchbull

    88. London and Paris

    89. Sunderland

    90. Stefani Germanotta

    91. 1986

    92. The Good Friday Agreement

    93. Alexander Fleming

    94. A tower

    95. 1952

    96. Greece

    97. 35-years-old

    98. Holborn and St Pancras

    99. Three (Peter Andre, Alex Reid and Kieran Hayler)

    100. Four (Abraham Lincoln, James Garfield, William McKinley and JFK

    Categories
    Gk questions and answers , Quiz

    Top GK Questions for July 26, 2020

    1. Which state/UT Chief Minister presented Rs 9000 crore tax-free budget for the financial year 2020-2021 in the assembly?DelhiPuducherryGoaLadakh

    2. The term used to describe money that flows into a country to take advantage of high rates of interest is called —————.hot moneyhard sectorhard currencyNone of the above

    3. The term which refers to the total amount of sales made by a firm in one year or the total amount of money changing hands in the business is —————.trade gapturnoverreservesreferendum

    4. Under which article in 1968 the number of votes required in the Security Council to convene a general conference to review the charter was increased from seven to nine?Article 81Article 98Article 109Article 115

    5. To consider a large number of agenda items, the General Assembly has how many main committees?

    6. The world’s largest international organisation and a successor to the League of Nations is ————–.UNESCOUNOUNICEFNone of the above

    7. Todar Mal was ——————.revenue minister in the court of Akbarone of the nine gems in the court of Akbarknown for his reforms in policies of land revenue during Akbar’s reignAll of the above

    8. Treaty of Versailles rearranged the boundaries of several countries in Europe and many countries were formed such as —————–.Poland and YugoslaviaLithuania and Estoniaboth (a) and (b)None of the above

    9. The term Ground Stroke is associated with which of the following games?CricketBadmintonTennisDraughts

    10. Until December 1991 ____ were integral parts of the USSR & not independent countries but had separate UN memberships.Belarus and UkraineThe Czech Republic and SlovakiaTonga and NauruNone of the above

    11. Tomb of Vasco-da-Gama is situated at ———–.Chittorgarh (Rajasthan)Kochi (Kerala)Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)Durgapur (West Bengal)

    12. The unit of energy in the MKS system is ———-.

    13. The tribe residing in Meghalaya is ——-.

    14. The type of root system of all of the following is the tap root system, except that of ————–.mango treekachnar treesunflower plantmaize plant

    15. To which of the following countries does the news agency Cetreko belong?CzechoslovakiaIndonesiaFranceUSA

    16. The Territorial Army was established in ——–.

    17. Tripura is surrounded by ____ in the eastAssamMizoramboth (a) and (b)Bangladesh

    18. To produce a sound it is necessary that ——-.the source should execute longitudinal vibrationsthe source should execute transverse vibrationsthe source may execute any type of vibrationsthe vibrations of the source are not necessary

    19. Tiger Woods is associated with which of the following sports?Table tennisTennisGolfBoxing

    20. The trophy given for exemplary conduct displayed by an athlete during the Olympic games is ———-.Mohammad Toher TrophyCount Alberto Bonacossa TrophyTokyo TrophyNone of the above

    21. The UN library is known by the name of ————.Nation’s libraryU Thant libraryHammarskjoeld libraryTrygve Lie library

    22. The UN charter was ratified in 1945 by ————-.25 nations29 nations33 nations37 nations

    23. The toxin is a poisonous substance produce by ————–.some higher plantscertain animalspathogenic bacteriaAll of the above

    24. The theory of inheritance of acquired character was propounded by ————.Charles DarwinGregor MendelJ. LamarckWeismann

    25. Uttaranchal has an international boundary with ____ in north, north-east and eastern side.ChinaNepalboth (a) and (b)None of the above

    26. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary at Tamil Nadu has reserves of ————-.the wild ass, wolf, nilgai, chinkaraimportant bird sanctuaryPantha, chital, sloth bear, wolfelephant, deer, wild boar, crocodile, crangetic dolphin

    27. Water is a good solvent of ionic salts because of ————.it has a high boiling pointit has a high dipole momentit has a high specific heatit has no colour

    28. The trophy known by the name of Grand Prix is associated with ————–.table tennislawn tennistable tennis and lawn tennistable tennis, lawn tennis and shooting

    29. The term of office of a Judge of the International Court of Justice is —————-.five yearssix yearsnine yearsten years

    30. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was ———-.the first women minister of an Indian state (UP)the first women to become president of the UN General Assemblythe first Indian women Ambassador to MoscowAll of the above

    Also Read: Current Affairs 2020 For June 09 | Daily Updated Quiz On National & International AffairsGK 2020 Answer

    1. Which state/UT Chief Minister presented Rs 9000 crore tax-free budget for the financial year 2020-2021 in the assembly?

    Answer- Puducherry

    2. The term used to describe money that flows into a country to take advantage of high rates of interest is called —————.

    Answer- hot money

    3. The term which refers to the total amount of sales made by a firm in one year or the total amount of money changing hands in the business is —————.

    Answer- turnover

    4. Under which article in 1968, the number of votes required in the Security Council to convene a general conference to review the charter was increased from seven to nine?

    Answer- Article 109

    5. To consider a large number of agenda items, the General Assembly has how many main committees?

    Answer- Seven

    6. The world’s largest international organisation and a successor to the League of Nations is ————–.

    Answer- UNO

    7. Todar Mal was ——————.

    Answer- All of the above

    8. Treaty of Versailles rearranged the boundaries of several countries in Europe and many countries were formed such as —————–.

    Answer- both (a) and (b)

    9. The term Ground Stroke is associated with which of the following games?

    Answer- Tennis

    10. Until December 1991 ____ were integral parts of the USSR & not independent countries but had separate UN memberships.

    Answer- Belarus and Ukraine

    11. Tomb of Vasco-da-Gama is situated at ———–.

    Answer- Kochi (Kerala)

    12. The unit of energy in the MKS system is ———-.

    Answer- joule

    13. The tribe residing in Meghalaya is ——-.

    Answer- Garos

    14. The type of root system of all of the following is the tap root system, except that of ————–.

    Answer- maize plant

    15. To which of the following countries does the news agency Cetreko belong?

    Answer- Czechoslovakia

    16. The Territorial Army was established in ——–.

    Answer- 1948

    17. Tripura is surrounded by ____ in the east

    Answer- Mizoram

    18. To produce a sound it is necessary that ——-.

    Answer- the source may execute any type of vibrations

    19. Tiger Woods is associated with which of the following sports?

    Answer- Golf

    20. The trophy given for exemplary conduct displayed by an athlete during the Olympic games is ———-.

    Answer- Tokyo Trophy

    21. The UN library is known by the name of ————.

    Answer- Hammarskjoeld library

    22. The UN charter was ratified in 1945 by ————-.

    Answer- 29 nations

    23. The toxin is a poisonous substance produce by ————–.

    Answer- All of the above

    24. The theory of inheritance of acquired character was propounded by ————.

    Answer- J. Lamarck

    25. Uttaranchal has an international boundary with ____ in north, north-east and eastern side.

    Answer- both (a) and (b)

    26. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary at Tamil Nadu has reserves of ————-.

    Answer- an important bird sanctuary

    27. Water is a good solvent of ionic salts because of ————.

    Answer- it has a high dipole moment

    28. The trophy known by the name of Grand Prix is associated with ————–.

    Answer- table tennis, lawn tennis and shooting

    29. The term of office of a Judge of the International Court of Justice is —————-.

    Answer- nine years

    30. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was ———-.

    Answer- All of the above

    Categories
    Bihar Local news

    GK Questions and Answers on Richest persons in the world

    The prestigious Forbes magazine’s estimation says that the world has around 2,095 billionaires by March 18, 2020. The total net worth of the world’s all billionaires is $8 trillion.

    Mukesh Ambani of India is the richest person in the Asia continent. Now read this article to solve a GK quiz on the richest persons in the world.

    1. Who is the richest person in the world in July 2020?

    (a) Jeff Bezos (b) Jack ma(c) Bill Gates(d) Warren Buffett

    Answer: -a

    Explanation:-  Jeff Bezos (Amazon) is the richest person in the world in FY 2020. Currently, the net worth of Bezos is $183.9.

    2. Who is the richest man in China in July 2020?(a) Ma Huateng(b) Jack Ma(c) Hui Ka Yan(d) He XiangjianAnswer:- a

    Explanation:- Ma Huateng is the richest man in China. He is the founder and CEO of Tencent. His net worth is $58 billion in July 2020.

    3. Which country has the most number of billionaires in the world?

    (a) India(b) China (c) USA(d) United Kingdom

    Answer:- c

    Explanation:- USA has the highest number of billionaires worldwide which is 614 while China has 388 billionaires up to July 2020.

    4. How many billionaires in India?

    (a) 120(b) 102(c) 230(d) 77

    Answer:-b

    Explanation:- India has 102 billionaires which is the fourth highest number in the world. Germany has 107 billionaires.

    5. Who is the richest person in the Asian continent?

    (a) Jack Ma(b) Ma Huateng(c) Mukesh Ambani(d) Anil Ambani

    Answer:-c

    Explanation:- Mukesh Ambani is the richest person in the Asian continent. His net worth was around 72 billion dollars in July 2020. Mr. Ma Huateng of China is the second most rich person in the Asian Continent.

    6. How many billionaires are there in the world 2020?(a)1000(b)1930(c) 2095(d) 2560Answer:-c 

    Explanation:-Forbes named 2,095 billionaires worldwide by March 18, 2020. The total net worth of the world’s all billionaires is $8 trillion.

    7. Which of the following option is not matched correctly?

    (a) Larry Page: Google(b) Warren Buffett: Berkshire Hathaway(c) Elon Musk: Tesla motors(d) Larry Ellison: Facebook

    Answer:- d

    Explanation:- Larry Ellison (United States) is a business magnate, investor, and co-founder and the executive chairman and chief technology officer of Oracle Corporation. His net worth is $73.2 billion in July 2020.

    8. Berkshire Hathaway is ………….

    (a) Only a Sports equipment manufacturing company(b) Only a Search Engine(c) Only an Automobile company(d) A holding company of a multitude of businessesAnswer:-dExplanation:- Berkshire Hathaway is an American holding company based in Omaha, Nebraska ( United States). It serves as an investment vehicle for Warren Buffett. Berkshire Hathaway a holding company of multitude businesses, including GEICO and Fruit of the Loom.

    9. Who is the youngest billionaire in the Forbes top 20 richest list?

    (a) Mukesh Ambani(b) Mark Zuckerberg(c) Elon Musk(d) Larry Page

    Answer:-b

    Explanation:- Mr. Mark Zuckerberg is the youngest billionaire in the top 20 list. At the age of just 36, Zuckerberg’s net worth is $88 billion and he ranks at number 4 in the world.

    10. Which of the following statement is not correct?(a) Mukesh Ambani is the only Asian in the list of top 14 billionaires in the world.(b) Jim Walton is related to Walmart company(c) Ma Huateng is the richest man in Japan(d)Amancio Ortega belongs to Zara

    Answer:-c

    Explanation:- Ma Huateng is the richest man in China not in Japan. He is the founder and CEO of Tencent. His net worth is $58 billion in July 2020.

    Categories
    Opinion Politics Reviews

    History of Ladakh and its strategical importance to India and China: Explained

    Recently, violent face-off took place between India and China at the Galwan Valley over the border dispute. 20 Indian soldiers were martyred in the violent standoff. Let us have a look at the history of Ladakh and its strategical importance to both India and China.

    China Pictorial, an official monthly magazine of China, published a map in July 1958, showing large parts of the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) and the Himalayan territory of Ladakh as part of China. As soon as the new Chinese map emerged, the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and his Chinese counterpart Zhou Enlai began exchanging letters with each other over Ladakh. The exchange of letter was followed by the Sino-Indian war of 1962.  

    Why is China expanding its military footprints in the Indian Ocean?

    The Sino-Indian war between India and China led to the formation of the loosely delimited LAC (Line of Actual Control) running through Ladakh. In August 1959, the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru in his Lok Sabha speech stated that there’s a large area in the eastern and north-eastern Ladakh, which is practically uninhabited as not even a blade of grass grows in that area. History of Ladakh

    The rock carvings found in several parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. In the 1st century, Ladakh was the part of the Kushan Empire. Ladakh, sandwiched between Kashmir and Zhangzhung Kingdom (practising Bon religion) is believed to have been alternatively in the control of one of these powers. As per the historical pieces of evidence, the upper Ladakh was influenced by the Zhangzhung language and culture. In the 2nd century, Buddhism spread in the western part of Ladakh via Kashmir.

    In 660 CE, China and Central Tibet started contesting ‘Four Garrisons’ of the Tarim Basin (present-day Xinjiang). This struggle between China and Central Tibet continued over three centuries. Karkota Empire of Kashmir and the Umayyad Caliphate (second caliphate after the death of Muhammad) too started contesting for Tarim Basin.  

    Before the 9th century, Ladakh was a part of the Tibetan empire, but after the assassination of the King Langdarma, Tibet broke into pieces and several regions became independent. After the assassination, the great-grandson of  King Langdarma, Kyide Nyimagon, fled to West Tibet and established the new West Tibetan Kingdom. After his death, the Kingdom was divided among his three sons– the first son got Ladakh, Rutog, Thok Jalung and Demchok), the second one got Guge–Purang and the third one got  Zanskar and Spiti. 

    Maryul, the first West Tibetan dynasty was founded by Palgyigon (the first son of Kydie Nyimagon) and lasted for five centuries. Maryul was staunchly Buddhist during this time and participated in the proliferation of Buddhism from India to Tibet through Kashmir and Zanskar. Mirza Haider Dughlat conquered over this region and the Mayrul dynasty ended. 

    In the medieval era, Ladakh was conquested by several Muslim states and during this time, many Ladakhis accepted Islam. Mir Sayyid Ali was the first one who converted people in Ladakh and is referred to as the founder of Islam. Another Shia Muslim leader visited Ladakh and spread Shia Islam in the region. 

    King Bhagan founded Namgyal dynasty and repelled the Central Asian raiders but were defeated. Raja Ali Sher Khan led the Balti invasion and damaged Buddhist temples and artefacts. Despite the defeat of Ladakh by several Mughal rulers, the region retained its independence. 

    At the beginning of the 17th century, after the Balti invasion, Islam began spreading its root in the Leh area. Several mosques were built to spread religion. In the late 17th century, Ladakh backed Bhutan over a dispute with Tibet. This lead to the invasion by the Tibetan Central Government over Ladakh and is known as  Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal war of 1679–1684. The 5th Dalai Lama paid off the Mughals and they withdrew. However, with the help of  Khan of the Zungar Empire, the Tibetans attacked Ladakh again in 1684. The Tibetans were successful and signed a treaty with Ladakh known as the Treaty of Tingmosgang in 1684 which settled the dispute between Tibet and Ladakh but severely restricted Ladakh’s independence.

    In 1834, Zorawar Singh, a general of Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu invaded and annexed Ladakh to Jammu under the suzerainty of the Sikh Empire. However, in 1845, the First Anglo-Sikh War was fought and the state of Jammu and Kashmir was established as a princely state under the British Empire. In the 1850s, the European influence increased in the Ladakh region and several geologists, sportsmen, and tourists exploring Ladakh. 

    Since 1947, Ladakh is a subject of dispute between India, Pakistan and China. In the east, the region is bordered by the Chinese Autonomous Region, Himachal Pradesh in the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan to the west and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. At the time of partition of India and Pakistan, the Dogra ruler Maharaja Hari Singh signed an agreement to accede to the Union of India. Raiders from Gilgit (Pakistan) reached Ladakh and military operations were carried out to evict them. Dras, Kargil and Leh were liberated. 

    In 1949, China blocked the trade routes by closing the border between Nubra and Xinjiang. In 1955, China began building roads which connect Xinjiang and Tibet via Aksai Chin. In addition to this, China in a joint project with Pakistan built Karakoram highway while India built Srinagar-Leh Highway at the same time to cut the journey time from Srinagar to Leh to 2 days from earlier 16 days. In 1962, India fought to regain its control over Aksai Chin and lost with China (Sino-Indian War).  

    In 1979, Ladakh was divided into– Kargil and Leh districts. In 1989, violent riots broke out between Buddhists and Muslims. In the 1990s, after the demands by the Kashmiri dominated government, the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council was established to look after the Kargil district of Ladakh. In 1999, Kargil War broke out between India and Pakistan in Kargil district and elsewhere along LOC (Line of Control). India won the Kargil War and regain its possession in the Kargil area. 

    There is a heavy deployment of the Indian Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police in the Ladakh region. These forces and People’s Liberation Army forces from China have witnessed frequent face-offs along the LAC (Line of Actual Control). 

    On October 31, 2019, Ladakh became a separate Union Territory and is administered by a Lieutenant Governor acting on behalf of the Central Government of India. The Union Territory does not have an elected legislative assembly or chief minister. The area has two capitals– Leh and Kargil. Why Ladakh matters?

    Ladakh is of strategic importance to both India and China throughout the Himalayan region. Aksai Chin, which was initially part of Ladakh before the invasion of China in 1962, connects Xinjiang, to Tibet.  Ladakh has not yet been fully explored for its natural resources and is crucial to give a boost to the Indian economy. India has recently reactivated its old airfields to reduce the reliance on Leh as the main air support hub for Ladakh and has invested heavily in the DSDBO road construction. The road will allow easy access to Aksai Chin and has been continuously opposed by China. Aksai Chin is also crucial to China as it connects it to Central Asia– China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. 

    Recently, a violent face-off took place between India and China at the Galwan valley over the border dispute. At least 20 Indian soldiers were martyred in the violent standoff. 

    Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie Road: All you need to know about the strategically important road for India

    Categories
    Corona virus

    Researchers think they know which coronavirus symptoms lead to severe respiratory complications

    Researchers think they know which coronavirus symptoms lead to severe respiratory complications

    Can coronavirus symptoms predict whether a patient will develop a severe case of COVID-19? A new study says that’s precisely the case, providing six different clusters of symptoms that COVID-19 patients can experience.Using data from an app that requires patients to log their symptoms, COVID-19 diagnosis status, and progress of the illness, scientists at King’s College London used machine learning to group symptoms together.Using patient characteristics like age, sex, and medical conditions combined with symptom data from the first five days after onset, the scientists think they can predict nearly 80% of the time a patient would require respiratory support.

    One of the most annoying things about the novel coronavirus is the lack of a telling symptom or group of symptoms that could help us when diagnosing the illness. The sudden loss of smell and taste is an odd exception, but not all the people get it, so it’s not enough. Not to mention that many people who do get infected will not experience any symptoms at all. That’s why testing is so necessary. It’s the only way to confirm infection.

    But some scientists used a mobile app and machine learning to track symptoms and divide them into several groups. The aim of the work was to see whether they could use groups of symptoms to predict severe COVID-19 cases that can develop complications. If the study can be verified by additional research, it could give physicians ample time to prevent the onset of complications. Moreover, patients would know when to hurry to the hospital to seek proper COVID-19 treatment rather than attempting to ride out the disease at home.

    “Anything you can do earlier to stop people coming in half-dead is going to increase the chance of survival and also stop clogging up hospital beds unnecessarily,” Professor Tim Spector of King’s College London told The Guardian. The study has been published in medRxiv, which means it hasn’t been peer-reviewed.

    The researchers looked at data from a mobile app that has more than four million users and included 1,653 users in the study who tested positive for COVID-19 and then reported symptoms and provided updates on their health status. Of those, 383 made at least one trip to the hospital, and 107 needed oxygen or ventilation.

    The researchers applied machine learning algorithms to the data to explore whether the 14 symptoms they monitored can cluster together, and they identified six different groups of COVID-19 patients. Each cluster was associated with a particular outcome, and that’s why the scientists think they know which combination of symptoms can be indicative of serious illness.

    Illustration from King’s College London study: “Left: Percentage of occurrence of symptoms at 5 days per cluster. Right: Z-Score in duration of symptom when occurring over the five first days.” Image source: King’s College London

    These are the six coronavirus symptoms groups that the King’s College London team identified:Cluster 1 (462 patients): Upper respiratory tract symptoms like a persistent cough, and muscle pain. Some 1.5% of patients needed respiratory support, and 16% of them made at least a trip to the hospital.Cluster 2 (315 patients): Upper respiratory tract symptoms, a higher frequency of skipped meals, and fever. Of this group, 4.4% of patients needed respiratory support, and 17.5% made one or more visits to the hospital.Cluster 3 (216 patients): Gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea, but few other symptoms. 3.7% of patients in this group needed respiratory support, and 24% made at least one visit to the hospital.Cluster 4 (280 patients): Early signs of severe fatigue, continuous chest pain, and cough. 8.6% of patients needed respiratory support, and 23.6% went to the hospital at least once.Cluster 5 (213 patients): Confusion, skipped meals, severe fatigue. 9.9% of patients needed respiratory therapy, and 24.6% went to the hospital at least once.Cluster 6 (167 patients): Marked respiratory distress, the onset of breathlessness, chest pain, confusion, fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms. As many as 20% of the patients in this group needed respiratory support, and 45.5% went at least once to the hospital.

    The first two clusters of symptoms represent milder forms of COVID-19, according to the team. The researchers repeated the work with data from 1,047 other app users, adding headaches and the loss of smell and taste. The latter appeared in all clusters but was longer-lasting in milder cases.

    Using the data from the first five days of reported symptoms, and information such as patient age, sex, and other medical conditions, the team said it could predict whether a patient would need respiratory support 79% of the time. Patient characteristics alone would result in a success rate of less than 70%.

    Like any other COVID-19 study, this promising work could benefit from more research. If the data is accurate, then physicians might be able to predict which patients are likely to develop COVID-19 complications and save even more lives. It all hinges on the patient’s ability to track the symptoms correctly and relay them to caregivers. The team concluded that the average time to get to the hospital is 13 days. The only objective way to do this is with the help of a smart device and logging the data promptly. An app would help even more.

    “By recording all the symptoms and when they occur in something like a medical app, you can significantly increase the ability to predict who is going to need hospital support, and potentially save lives,” Spector said. But people would have to remember to log symptoms and stick with it no matter how sick they get.

    Chris Smith started writing about gadgets as a hobby, and before he knew it he was sharing his views on tech stuff with readers around the world. Whenever he’s not writing about gadgets he miserably fails to stay away from them, although he desperately tries. But that’s not necessarily a bad thing.

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